5/28(Tue)Broken Windows Theory (Host:Liwen Chen)

5/28(Tue)Broken Windows Theory (Host:Liwen Chen)

文章liwen » 週五 5月 24, 2019 7:32 pm

5/28(Tue)Broken Windows Theory ( Host: Liwen Chen)

Hello, dear Yoyos! I am Liwen Chen. I will be the host for the meeting on Tuesday night of May 28.
Have you ever heard about “Broken Windows Theory” or “Broken Windows Effect”? The broken windows theory is a criminological theory that shows visible signs of crime, anti-social behavior, and civil disorder create an urban environment that encourages further crime and disorder, including serious crimes.
This theory can be applied not only to your neighborhood, workplace environment but any kind of issue that has not been promptly dealt with.
I summarize important excerpts from some articles in case you don’t have time to read. So you can browse them very quickly. Hope you can enjoy tonight’s discussion.

Broken Windows Theory
https://whatis.techtarget.com/definitio ... dow-theory

Broken window theory is the concept that each problem that goes unattended in a given environment affects people's attitude toward that environment and leads to more problems.
As a corollary to the theory, when an environment is well-tended and problems dealt with as they arise, that also affects attitudes and leads to continued good management and maintenance. The theory first appeared in a 1982 article ("Broken Windows") in The Atlantic by two social scientists, James Q. Wilson, and George L. Kelling. Here's how the authors explain the phenomenon:

Consider a building with a few broken windows. If the windows are not repaired, the tendency is for vandals to break a few more windows. Eventually, they may even break into the building, and if it's unoccupied, perhaps become squatters or light fires inside.

Or consider the pavement. Some litter accumulates. Soon, more litter accumulates. Eventually, people even start leaving bags of refuse from take-out restaurants there or even break into cars.

In a business context, broken window theory is applied not only to elements of the physical workplace environment but any kind of outstanding issue that has not been promptly dealt with. Problems like absenteeism, information silos, poor human resource management, overwork, burnout, oppressive or disconnected corporate cultures and a lack of employee engagement can each be considered analogous to a broken window.

Broken windows effect five stages
http://www.winsmile.cn/eNews/85.html

This theory describes the five stages of community disorder:

1. The community began to appear disorderly situation, some residents moved out.

2. Failed to move out of the community's residents feared for their own safety. They were indifferent to the affairs of the region.

3. Areas monitoring capacity declined and furthered deterioration of law and order in the community.

4. More residents moved out of the district. Residents who remained in the area flinched, limited their time outdoors.

5. Alien criminals invaded the community, so that crime rate continued to rise.

Quality of Life Initiative
https://www.britannica.com/topic/broken-windows-theory

Broken windows theory had an enormous impact on police policy throughout the 1990s and remained influential into the 21st century. Perhaps the most notable application of the theory was in New York City under the direction of Police Commissioner William Bratton. He and others were convinced that the aggressive order-maintenance practices of the New York City Police Department were responsible for the dramatic decrease in crime rates within the city during the 1990s. Bratton began translating the theory into practice as the chief of New York City’s transit police from 1990 to 1992. Squads of plainclothes officers were assigned to catch turnstile jumpers, and, as arrests for misdemeanors increased, subway crimes of all kinds decreased dramatically. In 1994, when he became New York City police commissioner, Bratton introduced his broken windows-based “quality of life initiative.” This initiative cracked down on panhandling, disorderly behavior, public drinking, street prostitution, and unsolicited windshield washing or other such attempts to obtain cash from drivers stopped in traffic. When Bratton resigned in 1996, felonies were down almost 40 percent in New York, and the homicide rate had been halved.

Session I

Q1. What do you think about the Broken Windows Theory? Do you buy into the concept?
Q2. Have you ever seen any problem in your neighborhood or workplace that was caused by “Broken Windows Effect”? How did it happen?
Q3. If there are some crimes happened in your community. Will you take action to stop crimes or choose to move out? What’s your consideration?
Q4. Why do you think so many of us check out of the community instead of getting involved?

Session II

Q1. How did the Police Commissioner William Bratton do to reduce the homicide rate and felonies in New York City?
Q2. Do you think Taiwan is applicable to the “quality of life initiative” policy which was practiced in New York City during the 1990s?
Q3. Do you think what kinds of disorderly behavior In Taiwan should be cracked down?
Q4. How to prevent “Broken Windows Effect” happening? Take “鄭傑Event” or “Telecom Fraud” for example.

*******************************************************************************************************************************************
Agenda:
6:50~ 7:00pm Greetings & Free Talk / Ordering Beverage or Meal / Getting Newcomer’s Information
7:00 ~ 7:20pm Opening Remarks / Newcomer’s Self-introduction / Grouping
(Session I)
7:20 ~ 8:00pm Discussion Session (40 mins)
8:00 ~ 8:20pm Summarization (20 mins)
8:20 ~ 8:30pm Regrouping / Instruction Giving / Taking a 10 Minutes Break (Intermission)
(Session II)
8:30 ~ 9:10pm Discussion Session (40 mins)
9:10 ~ 9:30pm Summarization / Concluding Remarks / Announcements (20 mins)
********************************************************************************************************************************************
聚會日期:列於該貼文主題內
聚會時間:請準時 7:00 pm 到 ~ 約 9:30 pm 左右結束
星期二聚會地點:丹堤濟南店
地址、電話:台北市濟南路三段25號 地圖 (02) 2740-2350
捷運站:板南線 忠孝新生站 3 號出口
走法:出忠孝新生站 3 號出口後,沿著巷子(忠孝東路三段10巷)走約 2 分鐘,到了濟南路口,左轉走約 2 分鐘即可看到。
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注意事項:
1. 文章是否需要列印請自行斟酌,但與會者請務必自行列印 Questions for discussion。
2. 與會者請先閱讀過文章,並仔細想過所有的問題,謝謝合作!

給新朋友的話:
1. 請事先準備2~3分鐘的英語自我介紹。
2. 請事先閱讀文章以及主持人所提的討論問題,並事先寫下自己所欲發表意見的英文。
3. 全程以英語進行,參加者應具備中等英語會話能力,對任一討論問題,能夠以5到10句英文表達個人見解。
4. 在正式加入之前,可以先來觀摩三次,觀摩者亦須參與討論。正式加入需繳交終身會費 NT$1,000。
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liwen
YOYO member
 
文章: 41
註冊時間: 週日 10月 04, 2009 10:20 am

Re: 5/28(Tue)Broken Windows Theory (Host:Liwen Chen)

文章liwen » 週三 5月 29, 2019 3:09 pm

Attendees (18): Andy, Tom, Chris, Winston, Amy, Marvin ( newcomer), Steve, Liwen (host), Miller, James, Rosie, Sunny, David, Tim, Christine, Julian, Sabrina, Wenhan
Representers:
Session I: Tom, Marvin, Miller, Christine
Session II: Andy, Steve, Tim, Julian, Wenhan
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liwen
YOYO member
 
文章: 41
註冊時間: 週日 10月 04, 2009 10:20 am


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