Common Errors: 瞬間動詞

Common Errors: 瞬間動詞

文章Kooper » 週日 12月 27, 2015 12:22 pm

I just refreshed my memory of 瞬間動詞 and found that I'd made tones of mistakes when it comes to 瞬間動詞... :(

Here is a challenge for you to see how well you are immune to the misuse of 瞬間動詞. Please translate the following sentences into English. :mrgreen:

我加入這間公司已3年. 我參加yoyo已數年.
我可以借這本書一個星期嗎?
會議/電影已經開始一陣子了
他過世10年了
他結婚10年了
我離開的這段時間,他會代理我的職務
他來這裡5天了
這部車我已經買10年了
他已經感冒一個禮拜了
我已畢業10年了
我已失業(辭職)10年了
他已請假(休假)一周了
他已找到工作並開始上班一周了
Kooper
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Re: Common Errors: 瞬間動詞

文章Rock » 週日 12月 27, 2015 5:22 pm

1. I have been in this company for 3 years. I joined Yoyo several years ago.
2. May I borrow this book for a week?
3. .... 不會 :mrgreen: ...
4. He passed away 10 years ago.
5. We have been married for 10 years.
6. He will be my deputy when I'm absent. (硬ㄠ)
7. He's been here for 5 days.
8. I bought this car 10 years ago.
9. He's been having a cold for a week.
10. I graduated 10 years ago.
11. I've been between jobs for 10 years.
12. He's been on vacation for a week.
13. He's found a job and been working for a week.
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Rock
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Re: Common Errors: 瞬間動詞

文章Iris Wu » 週日 12月 27, 2015 8:44 pm

I did not know what is 瞬間動詞 when I first saw this post.
I guess we can always say, "It has been (how long) since something happened", right? (though it may sound like "cheating".)

#1 我參加yoyo已數年.
"It has been several years since I joined YoYo."
我加入這間公司已3年.
"It has been three years since I joined the company." or
"I have been with the company for three years."
#3 會議/電影已經開始一陣子了
"It has been a while since the meeting started." or
"The meeting started a while ago."
#6 我離開的這段時間,他會代理我的職務
"He will act on my behalf while I am away." (?)
#7 這部車我已經買10年了
"I have had this car for ten years." or
"It has been ten years since I bought this car."
#11 我已失業(辭職)10年了
"I have been unemployed for ten years." ["between jobs for 10 years" seems a bit too long...:) ]
#13 他已找到工作並開始上班一周了
"He got a job and has been working there for a week." (Is this OK, too?)
Iris Wu
YOYO member
 
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Re: Common Errors: 瞬間動詞

文章Kooper » 週日 12月 27, 2015 9:45 pm

Wow, you guys have been studying so hard... :ssmile:
Kooper
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Re: Common Errors: 瞬間動詞

文章Luis Ko » 週日 12月 27, 2015 9:56 pm

他過世10年了
he has been dead for ten years.
he died 10 years ago.

他結婚10年了
he has been married for ten years.
he got married 10 years ago.
i might be a cynic and, a sceptic as well but, i'm definitely not a bad person!!
Luis Ko
YOYO member
 
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註冊時間: 週三 6月 06, 2007 10:18 pm

Re: Common Errors: 瞬間動詞

文章Kooper » 週日 12月 27, 2015 11:39 pm

Here are some instructions found on the Internet regarding how to use 瞬間動詞.

動詞大致可以這樣分類:
1. 動態動詞: 又可分為 (a)延續性動詞 如work, live, stay, study, etc. (b)瞬間動詞 如die, kill, marry, open, etc.
2. 狀態動詞

延續性動詞 (狀態動詞):表示持續的動作或行為。
非延續性動詞 (瞬間動詞):表示動作發生後立即結束

瞬間動詞可以搭配完成式( have+p.p ),只是不能跟「表示持續一段時間」的時間副詞 (例如:for, how long, since+片語、子句) 連用。因此,如果句子中想要連用表持續一段時間的時間副詞時,就必須將它變成狀態動詞。

如果我們要將瞬間動詞與表示持續一段時間的時間副詞用在一起時,我們必須對瞬間動詞「做一番處理」。一般而言,其處理方式有三種:第一種方式是使用瞬間動詞的簡單過去式;第二種是使用「It is (or has been) + 一段時間 + since 子句 (瞬間動詞的簡單過去式)」或「一段時間 + has passed + since 子句 (瞬間動詞的簡單過去式)」句型;第三種就是如上述將瞬間動詞改為意思相同的狀態動詞。

*說來奇怪,雖然瞬間動詞不能跟表示持續一段時間的時間副詞連用,但其否定的完成式卻可以。
Kooper
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Re: Common Errors: 瞬間動詞

文章Rock » 週一 12月 28, 2015 7:59 am

The English grammar rules in Chinese is so difficult for me. Is it really in Chinese? Sigh, my Chinese sucks, too! :mrgreen:

Would you please correct my mistakes in the assignment? Thanks. I will buy you a coffee in return of your favor.:lol:
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Re: Common Errors: 瞬間動詞

文章Kooper » 週四 12月 31, 2015 5:21 pm

Hi Rock, Iris, Luis,

Thanks for taking the challenge. You all did a better job than I in the challenge!

My English is not good enough to tell if every of your sentence is correct or not. So I just list sentences that experts on line said is right or wrong here. Here you go.

我加入這間公司已3年. 我參加yoyo已數年.
(X) I’ve joined the company for three years.
(O) I’ve been with the company for three years.
(O) I joined the company three years ago.
(O) It has been three years since I joined the company.
(O) Three years have passed since I joined the company.

(X) I’ve joined YoYo English Club for years.
(O) I’ve been going to YoYo English Club for years.

我可以借這本書一個星期嗎?
(X) May I borrow the book for a week?
(O) May I keep the book for a week?

會議/電影已經開始一陣子了
(X) The meeting has started for a while.
(O)The meeting has been on for a while.

他過世10年了
(X) He has died for 10 years.
(O) He has been dead for 10 years.
(O) He died 10 years ago.

他結婚10年了
(X) He has married for 10 years.
(O) He has been married for 10 years.

我離開這段時間,他會代理我的職務
(X) He will fill in for me while I leave.
(O) He will fill in for me while I am away.

他來這裡5天了
(X) He has come here for five days.
(O) He has been here for five days.
(O) He came here five days ago.

這部車我已經買10年了
(X) I have bought the car for 10 years.
(O) I have had the car for 10 years.

他已經感冒一個禮拜了
(X) He has caught a cold for a week.
(O) He has had a cold for a week.

我已畢業10年了
(X) I’ve graduated for 10 years.
(O) I’ve been out of school for 10 years.

我已失業(辭職)10年了
(X) I have lost a job for 10 years.
(O) I have been out of work for 10 years.

他已請假(休假)一周了
(X) He has gone on leave/vacation for a week.
(O) He has been on leave/vacation for a week.

他已找到工作並工作一周了
(X) He has found a job for a week.
(O) He has had a job for a week.
Kooper
Vice President
 
文章: 2418
註冊時間: 週三 4月 11, 2007 11:40 pm

Re: Common Errors: 瞬間動詞

文章Kooper » 週四 12月 31, 2015 5:26 pm

Kooper
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Re: Common Errors: 瞬間動詞

文章Rock » 週四 12月 31, 2015 11:24 pm

Thank you sooooo much. I need to buy you a coffee. :lol:
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