YOYO-ISG 101121 For Young Japanese, One Job Isn't Enough

YOYO-ISG 101121 For Young Japanese, One Job Isn't Enough

文章Kooper » 週五 11月 05, 2010 9:29 am

Dear ISG members,

Please read the following article and make a summary or essay on it. Pick one to three words that you think is worth learning and post them.

Young Japanese Seek 2nd, and 3rd, Jobs: http://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/07/business/global/07iht-jobs.html?_r=1&scp=1&sq=Hiroko%20Yokogawa%20toils%20at%20a%20small&st=cse
Kooper
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Re: YOYO-ISG 101121 For Young Japanese, One Job Isn't Enough

文章jacksonwang » 週六 11月 20, 2010 1:12 pm

With lifetime employment system breaking down in 1991, many works have to face the new reality. People nearly 30s are struggling with their rough life that they didn’t have before while 20s have already got used to this circumstances.
Although the unemployment rate in Japan was lower then international standards, it still hit the record high. The economy depression in Japan is influenced by population aging and shrinking as well as deflation and strong currency crimping exports.
Increasingly Japanese are seeking side jobs due to salaries going down over last decade. They desire to have extra spending money, more wiggle room for income, stop money draining out by having second or third jobs. Some are looking for side jobs which will be beneficial for their future career, the others are disposable incomes that have taken for further hit. It is kind of risk management for workers fearful of losing their main jobs.
The common side jobs Japanese have are promoting products on blog, delivering leaflets, working in convenience stores, trading foreign currencies online, selling items on internet auction sites, telephone operator and salesman.
When it comes to encourage young people to have dreams and help foster entrepreneurship by finance minister, side jobs do offer a glimmer of hope. If they do the jobs they love, the stress converts to a source of power and entrepreneurial spirit are increasing as well.
jacksonwang
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註冊時間: 週五 2月 27, 2009 11:14 am

Re: YOYO-ISG 101121 For Young Japanese, One Job Isn't Enough

文章Kooper » 週六 11月 20, 2010 3:50 pm

Jackson,

It's great to see you resuming your writing habit. Good for you! :ssmile:
Kooper
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Re: YOYO-ISG 101121 For Young Japanese, One Job Isn't Enough

文章Kooper » 週六 11月 20, 2010 4:32 pm

The Rise and Fall of Japan Type of Management

For the Japanese aged 50 and above, the 1980s is a glorious time that they probably would never forget. It was a time when the economy in Japan was unprecedentedly flourishing; their enterprises were steamrollering through global markets; Japan was topping the world in the amounts of foreign exchange reserve they possessed; the Japanese yen was being constantly revalued to a record high. Astonished by Japan’s seemingly invincible economic power, many then masters of management started peddling the view that it was Japan’s unique work culture that made their companies outdo the Western ones. Publishers also churned out books like “Japan as Number One” touting Japan’s success and digging up reasons behind the triumph. Running firms like the Japanese quickly became all the rage around the world. One of the most prominent features of the Japan type of management that was thought highly of was Japan's life-time employment model. That is, a person was supposed to work for only one employer in their life.

The Japanese miracle, however, came to an abrupt end when its economic bubble finally burst in the end of the ‘80s. Since then, Japan has been caught in the quicksand of economic regression. The global economic meltdown in 2008 dealt a further body blow to their economy - and to their deep-rooted one-job-for-life work culture as well. Struggling for survival amid the crisis, Japanese companies started to slash expenses, downsizing or replacing official employees with contractors or avoiding paid overtime. No longer feeling the sense of job security and yearning for additional discretionary income, Japanese workers began seeking side jobs.

With hindsight, management theories seem not much different from women’s fashion. The hit one changed as the years went by and, sadly, none of them proved to be superior to others. Next time when you hear of a new management principle raised by a so-called expert in management, think twice before embracing it.
最後由 Kooper 於 週日 11月 21, 2010 3:49 pm 編輯,總共編輯了 7 次。
Kooper
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Re: YOYO-ISG 101121 For Young Japanese, One Job Isn't Enough

文章Sherry Liao » 週六 11月 20, 2010 10:58 pm

Japan used to be a country where workers aimed to stay in one company for life – most of them entered a company after graduated from schools, and kept working there until retirement, without changing jobs. But this situation has been changed since the economic downturn took place, when most of the companies were forced to downsize or cut their budget and the labor market became uncertain.

The fear of unemployment and cuts in salary (parts from ban of overtime payment) led to a climate in young generations of taking side jobs. According to a survey, almost 17% of workers ages 20 to 50 had a side job. Most of them worked second (or even third) jobs to earn more money to cover their expenses in this severe economic condition, while it also works as risk management lest the main job be lost.

Taking side jobs is no picnic, as it implies long working hours and it eats into workers’ leisure time. However, with the country in tough economic times, it helps to bolster up the economy and it represents the advancement of entrepreneurship, which used to be a lack of Japan. If side jobs can be combined with interest, it would be easier for the workers to keep going. It would also benefit the workers as it broadens their vision and increases their connections. This is going to be a plus for their future careers.
Sherry Liao
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Re: YOYO-ISG 101121 For Young Japanese, One Job Isn't Enough

文章Sherry Liao » 週六 11月 20, 2010 11:06 pm

Wiggle room: Flexibility, as of options or interpretation
Ex.: ambiguous wording that left some wiggle room for further negotiation.

Ostensible: seeming to be the reason for or the purpose of something, but usually hiding the real reason or purpose
Ex.: ostensible reason/purpose/aim
Ex.: The ostensible reason for his resignation was ill health.

set for life: prepared to exist for the rest of one's life; having adequate supplies for the rest of one's life.
Ex.: As soon as I win the lottery, I will be set for life. I'll never have to work again!
Sherry Liao
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Re: YOYO-ISG 101121 For Young Japanese, One Job Isn't Enough

文章Kooper » 週日 11月 21, 2010 6:13 am

Sherry Liao 寫:Japan used to be a country where workers aimed to stay in one company for life – most of them entered a company after graduated from schools, and kept working there until retirement, without changing jobs. But this situation has been changed since the economic downturn took place, when most of the companies were forced to downsize or cut their budget and the labor market became uncertain.

There is no 先行詞 before "when."
Sherry Liao 寫:The fear of unemployment and cuts in salary (parts from ban of overtime payment) led to a climate in young generations of taking side jobs. According to a survey, almost 17% of workers ages 20 to 50 had a side job. Most of them worked second (or even third) jobs to earn more money to cover their expenses in this severe economic condition, while it also works as risk management lest the main job be lost.

parts from ban of overtime payment -> partially from the ban of overtime payment
ages -> aging
Work is intransitive. There seems to be no such work 2nd job expression.
Sherry Liao 寫:Taking side jobs is no picnic, as it implies long working hours and it eats into workers’ leisure time. However, with the country in tough economic times, it helps to bolster up the economy and it represents the advancement of entrepreneurship, which used to be a lack of Japan. If side jobs can be combined with interest, it would be easier for the workers to keep going. It would also benefit the workers as it broadens their vision and increases their connections. This is going to be a plus for their future careers.

a lack of Japan -> which used to be lacked in Japan
Kooper
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Re: YOYO-ISG 101121 For Young Japanese, One Job Isn't Enough

文章Kooper » 週日 11月 21, 2010 6:28 am

jacksonwang 寫:With lifetime employment system breaking down in 1991, many works had to face the new reality. People nearly 30s are struggling with their rough life that they haven't had before while those in their 20s have already got used to this circumstances.
Although the unemployment rate in Japan was lower than international standards, it still hit arecord high. The economy depression in Japan is caused by population aging and shrinking as well as deflation and strong currency crimping exports.
Increasing Japanese are seeking side jobs due to salaries going down over last decade. They desire to have extra spending money, more wiggle room for income, stop money draining out by having second or third jobs. Some are looking for side jobs which will be beneficial for their future career, the others are disposable incomes that have taken for further hit(?). It is a kind of risk management for workers fearful of losing their main jobs.
The common side jobs Japanese have are promoting products on blog, delivering leaflets, working in convenience stores, trading foreign currencies online, selling items on internet auction sites, telephone operator and salesman.
When it comes to encouraging young people to have dreams and helping fostering entrepreneurship, side jobs do offer a glimmer of hope, pointed out by the Finance minister. If they do the jobs they love, the stress converts to a source of power and entrepreneurial spirit are increasing as well.
Kooper
Vice President
 
文章: 2378
註冊時間: 週三 4月 11, 2007 11:40 pm

Re: YOYO-ISG 101121 For Young Japanese, One Job Isn't Enough

文章chiron » 週日 11月 21, 2010 7:52 am

In Japanese, a new trend is rising, that is, to take 2 jobs at the same time. Reasons behind it is simple: money, all for money. The original one job for entire life model doesn’t suit Japanese needs anymore, for they look down at Japanese economical future; further, they need a part-time job to pay for their luxuries expenses.; third, more and more companies can’t pay extra money for working overtime. Based on these, some choose marketing as their 2nd jobs, some use their experience to be others’ consultants, some trade currencies, etc. The common place of these people is they won’t give up their full time job even though that means longer working hours and a exhausting day, so you can see how cheerful it would be when interest meets their part time job. This phenomenon tells one’s own income may not equate his monthly payment; another is people know more channels to gain information to take a part time job; third, new generation’s needs increase; fourth, the traditional dull, single, even stagnant job can’t satisfy Japanese, perhaps they take a 2nd job to have some change; fifth, a second job also reflect change in living style. I saw a best-selling book put on bookstores shelf reading “一個人住第?年” months ago. Does that imply more and more wage-earners choose to be singe rather than getting married so they have more time in making money, and since they are living by themselves in big city where expenses are high, they definitely need more extra money to pay for it? These could be one possible factor.
Please call me Na'vi!
頭像
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Re: YOYO-ISG 101121 For Young Japanese, One Job Isn't Enough

文章janet12tw » 週日 11月 21, 2010 8:01 am

Younger generation of Japan are starting to have a side job to fight agaist the economy downturn. For years, people would graduate from college and work in a big company for life. But now many young people need to do a second or third job just to make ends meet. Another reason for the young generation to do a side job is fearing to lose their main jobs. Regarding side jobs, some people deliver flyers on the street or work in an convenience store. Others work as a necktie saleswoman or offer consultation to help people find a suitabable job. They combine their interest with their side job so they can have fun when working in their free time as well.
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Re: YOYO-ISG 101121 For Young Japanese, One Job Isn't Enough

文章Kooper » 週日 11月 21, 2010 10:58 pm

The expression of aged following by numbers can be found in dictionaries. Here are examples.

Police are looking for a man aged between 30 and 35.
The course is open to children aged 12 and over.
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