ISG 120129 The Brain-drain We Are Facing? (Host: Na'vi)

ISG 120129 The Brain-drain We Are Facing? (Host: Na'vi)

文章chiron » 週六 1月 14, 2012 9:53 pm

I'm too lazy to find another topic for ISG, so allow me to reuse this topic. Plus, we have an ISG member who happens to migrate a lot. She must has much to say to this issue. Also, Sherry didn't show up the time I used this topic. So, pls fogot what we discussed that time, Kooper!

[Definition]
PERHAPS the oldest question in economics is why some countries are rich while others are poor. Economic theory has emphasized that differences in the educational levels of the population are an important part of the answer and that improved schooling opportunities should raise incomes in developing countries. Yet, while there is little doubt that highly educated workers in many developing countries are scarce, it is also true that many scientists, engineers, physicians, and other professionals from developing countries work in Canada, the United States, and
Western Europe. This phenomenon, often referred to as the “brain drain,” was noticed as early as the 1960s.

[Case Study]
AsianScientist (Aug. 17, 2011) – Taiwan’s Academia Sinica (中央研究院) President Chi-Huey Wong, along with several key leaders in Taiwan’s academic, business, arts, and media sectors have issued a declaration, calling on the government and society to pay attention to Taiwan’s imbalance between supply and demand for talented professionals.
In their “Declaration on Talent Recruitment (Mandarin)” released on Sunday, August 14, the 18 leaders urged for concrete changes in government policy, administrative systems, and the overall environment to make Taiwan more attractive in competing for the world’s professionals.
They also warned that should Taiwan fail to address the crisis, the island could expect to lose its competitive edge in the coming years, as Asia becomes the new global center.

“After the economic crisis, it is generally expected that the Asia-Pacific will become the next global center, where there will be a flow of talented people and competition for human resources.”
“All of our neighboring countries have embraced these new opportunities by modifying laws to create a friendly environment for foreign talent,” they said.

These neighbors, such as China, Hong Kong, Singapore, Japan, and Korea, were taking the recruitment of talent very seriously, the report said.

“China has plans to recruit two thousand engineers who will potentially lead key technology breakthroughs in the next five to ten years. The same goes for Hong Kong, Singapore, Japan, and Korea.”
“They have prepared for this as if it were a war. However, the Taiwanese government has not been reactive to this trend which may potentially cause a brain drain crisis,” they cautioned.

Despite the heated dispute over high unemployment rates in Taiwan, the leaders noted an exodus of talented, experienced individuals who were products of the Taiwanese education system.

“Every year there are around 400,000 immigrants to Taiwan, among which only 20,000 are skilled immigrants. On the other hand, about 20,000 people emigrate from Taiwan annually, most of who are white-collar or technical workers.”
“Therefore, if government does not react to this problem, Taiwan will lose most of its high quality workforce and gradually erode its competitiveness in industry and academia,” they said.

They noted the difficulty of retaining talent in academic positions with the current salaries offered to academics.

“The most urgent problem is to break down the barriers in the system for the recruitment of talented individuals and create a welcoming atmosphere.”
“In Taiwan, the salary system in academia is no difference than in public office. The unattractive salary causes tremendous difficulty in promoting the sector, which results in the emigration of these people to neighboring countries where salaries are much higher,” they said.

The leaders also pointed out the difficulty for talented foreigners to gain entry to academic positions in Taiwan.

“Likewise, in the world economy where enterprises operate on a global scale, the difficulty in obtaining work permits in Taiwan prevents global talent from coming to Taiwan.”

In conclusion, they wrote that it was not too late for Taiwan to regain its academic competitiveness and reverse the brain drain, creating “another great era of prosperity” in Taiwan.

[Source]
http://www.asianscientist.com/academia/ ... cruitment/
http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-55106627.html

[Extended Reading]
http://tw.mag.chinayes.com/Content/2011 ... B5C8.shtml

[Session 1]
1. Have you ever been abroad, or have you ever worked or lived with foreigners in Taiwan, what’s the difference being a host or guest? And what’s the difference between short stay and long stay (emigration or immigration).
2. To an individual level, what’s the advantage or disadvantage of cross-border movement? To a national or global level, same question as before.
3. If you got the chance, would you live to emigrate? Where would you like to go? If not, why?

[Session 2]
1. Except what this article discussed, what’s the other causes of Taiwanese brain-drain? Who plays a major part in Taiwanese brain-drain, pls put demographical factors (gender, age, background..) into consideration? And where do they go mostly?
2. If you’re government official, what would you suggest our government to avoid brain-drain?
3. Are there any win-win solution to brain-drain to host country or origin country? For example, diaspora could be our overseas brain reservoir.

[vocabulary]
immigration 移入
immigrant 移入居民
migration 移出
migrant 移出居民
diaspora 外僑
Please call me Na'vi!
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chiron
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Re: ISG 120129 The Brain-drain We Are Facing? (Host: Na'vi)

文章chiron » 週六 1月 28, 2012 10:46 pm

Remember to join at 8 am, dears.
Please call me Na'vi!
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chiron
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Re: ISG 120129 The Brain-drain We Are Facing? (Host: Na'vi)

文章Wayne » 週日 1月 29, 2012 11:30 am

chiron 寫:[vocabulary]
diaspora 外僑


The Diaspora流散在外的猶太人(目前該詞有時用來形容被迫離開故鄉定居他處的其他民族群體)the African Diaspora散居海外的非洲人
[Longman Dictionary of English Language & Culture]

外僑: foreign resident; alien; foreign national
Knowledge is power -- when shared.
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