7/6 (Sat.) Spot Work-The New Trend in the Workplace (Host: Stephen)

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stephen185
YOYO member
文章: 209
註冊時間: 週三 5月 30, 2007 8:23 pm

7/6 (Sat.) Spot Work-The New Trend in the Workplace (Host: Stephen)

文章 stephen185 »

Spot work refers to short-term, on-demand work where individuals are hired for specific tasks or shifts as needed by employers. It typically involves a very flexible schedule and minimal commitment from the worker beyond the immediate task. Workers engaged in spot work may be hired for as short a period as a single hour and are often selected based on their availability to fill immediate gaps in labor needs. For example, spot work can include working at a restaurant for a few hours on a busy weekend night or assisting in a hotel during peak check-in times.

The evolution from gig work to spot work represents a shift towards more flexible and task-focused employment models. Initially, gig work emphasized short-term contracts or freelance engagements across various industries, offering workers autonomy but often lacking stability. Spot work, on the other hand, refines this concept by focusing on immediate, on-demand tasks that can be completed quickly and efficiently, leveraging technology to match workers with specific, real-time needs. This transition highlights a growing emphasis on agility and efficiency in workforce management, accommodating both employers' need for quick solutions and workers' desire for flexibility and varied experiences in their employment.

In Japan, the number of spot workers is rapidly increasing, driven by changing work values and the pursuit of a fulfilling personal life. Based on the report from the Yano Economic Research Institute, the spot work market achieved a 30% annual increase, reaching 82.4 billion yen last year. This trend, which has emerged prominently since the gig economy took hold in 2016, has become mainstream with the support by advanced matchmaking platforms. It offers immediate job opportunities without traditional hiring processes, attracting young people aged 25 to 34, with 32% choosing part-time work for its flexibility.

Timee, Japan's largest spot work platform, which is targeting July listing in the stock market, provides diverse job opportunities and training courses, catering to a wide demographic, including students, retirees, and office workers. Other major companies, such as Recruit, Japan's largest human resources company, also announced in May that it will launch spot-work job matching service this fall; even JR West, whose main business is railways, has launched the platform Jobjobgo, and advertises that job applicants can accumulate points and use them to offset transportation costs. Platforms like Mercari Hallo are also popular among office workers, reflecting the industry's urgent need for manpower and resulting in a 10% increase in average hourly wages in major metropolitan areas over the past four years.

Businesses like pubs and lodging facilities have been effectively using spot workers to address labor shortages and sustain operations with smaller staffs. At The Akachochin, a Japanese-style pub launched in May in Tokyo's Shimbashi area, all part-time staff work as on-demand spot workers. This pub is a collaboration between Timee and Minadein, a restaurant operator, aiming to pioneer a new approach to hiring and training. A welcoming workplace environment for newcomers is created by developing specialized manuals and tools to ease the onboarding process. While at Unplan Shinjuku, a lodging facility in Shinjuku Ward, Tokyo, full-scale use of spot workers has been implemented since last year in response to increased job turnover during the pandemic.

On the other hand, in rural areas where securing workers poses a challenge for accommodation facilities, a service known as "Otetsutabi"(お手伝旅) is gaining popularity. This unique service involves tourists assisting with various tasks at the facilities in exchange for accommodation and compensation, demonstrating another form of spot working.

Spot work also plays a role in medical service. The shortage of nurses due to Japan's aging population is a serious social issue, with a staggering 75% of surveyed hospitals were experiencing a scarcity of nurses. Recently, diverse nursing opportunities where various skills and experiences can be utilized, have emerged in spot work platforms as well, offering part-time or short-term work options in addition to traditional full-time positions.

Despite the promising growth of spot work, most available roles are still service-oriented and repetitive at present. To attract more talent, companies need to redesign jobs for greater flexibility, while job seekers should reassess their abilities to maximize their value. Meanwhile, challenges such as unclear contracts and difficulty in assessing workers' skills still remains. In response, the Japan Spot Work Association is actively striving to improve the work environment and establish a qualification system for job brokers.

In conclusion, spot work in Japan epitomizes the evolution towards agile, task-specific employment solutions. With its rapid growth driven by technological innovation and changing work values, spot work offers both employers and workers unprecedented flexibility. As this trend continues to redefine the labor landscape, balancing efficiency with worker satisfaction remains crucial. Addressing challenges through innovation and collaboration will be key to sustaining and enhancing this dynamic sector in the future.

“Spot Work” in Japanese: スキマバイト, スポットワーク, 単発バイト

Note for Gig Economy
The Gig Economy: Can you freelance for life? (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ox4dl-Z-TwM )

Gig work refers to temporary or freelance jobs, often facilitated through digital platforms or apps, where individuals work on specific tasks or projects without necessarily being employees of the hiring entity. Gig workers have more control over when and where they work compared to traditional employees. They may take on multiple gigs simultaneously or sequentially to maximize their income. Driving for a rideshare service like Uber or Lyft, delivering food through apps like DoorDash, or providing freelance graphic design services online are all examples of gig work.

Key differences between spot work and gig work
• Duration and Commitment: Spot work tends to be shorter in duration and requires less commitment compared to gig work, which can involve longer-term projects or recurring tasks.
• Employment Relationship: Spot workers are often employed on a more ad hoc basis, while gig workers typically operate as independent contractors or freelancers.
• Flexibility: Both offer flexibility, but spot work is often more immediate and task-oriented, while gig work can involve longer planning and more varied tasks over time.

Reference
1. New Trend in workplace –“Spot Work” https://www.businessweekly.com.tw/Archi ... &rf=google (in Chinese; the English translation can be found at the following link, https://drive.google.com/file/d/1yu2VGM ... sp=sharing )
2. Number of 'spot workers' surges in Japan amid labor shortage
https://www.japantimes.co.jp/business/2 ... -increase/
3. Exclusive: Japan spot work startup Timee targets July listing
https://www.reuters.com/markets/asia/ja ... 024-06-11/

Questions
Session I

1. Have you ever done spot work, gig work, or any part-time jobs before? If so, what was your experience like? If you were to take up spot work, what type of tasks or jobs would you be interested in doing?
2. Do you believe gig work or spot work can be a sustainable career choice, or is it better suited as a supplementary income source.
3. As a consumer, how do you feel about businesses that rely on spot workers for their services? Do you expect any difference in service quality when businesses use spot workers versus full-time employees?
4. Taiwan is currently facing a shortage of nurses, physicians, and other healthcare professionals, particularly in rural regions. Could spot work be the solution? Do you mind if the nurse or doctor treating you is a spot worker?

Session II
5. Do you think spot work can contribute to personal and professional development? (in consideration of skill diversification, networking opportunities, resume building,..)
6. How can AI-powered tools and platforms enhance the trend of gig work and spot work? Should educational institutions revise their curriculum to include courses that prepare students for the gig economy and spot work environments?
7. Do you expect platform like “Timee” can replicate its success in Taiwan? How will it change the traditional job market if it is introduced into Taiwan? How do you think this trend will evolve in the future?

=====================================================================
Agenda:
3:45 ~ 4:00pm Greetings & Free Talk / Ordering Beverage or Meal / Getting Newcomer’s Information
4:00 ~ 4:10pm Opening Remarks / Newcomer’s Self-introduction / Grouping
(Session I)
4:10 ~ 4:50pm Discussion Session (40 mins)
4:50 ~ 5:10pm Summarization (20 mins)
5:10 ~ 5:15pm Regrouping / Instruction Giving / Taking a 10 Minutes Break (Intermission)
(Session II)
5:15 ~ 5:55pm Discussion Session (40 mins)
6:00 ~ 6:20pm Summarization (20 mins)
6:20 ~ 6:30pm Concluding Remarks / Announcements

Meeting Date: As shown on the Subject Line
Meeting Time: 4:00pm – 6:30pm
Meeting Venue: 丹堤咖啡 Dante Coffee (Minimum Order $85)
Address: 台北市濟南路三段25號[MAP]-捷運忠孝新生站3號出口步行3分鐘

Important Notes:
1. We advise participants to print out the discussion questions and bring them to the meeting for reference. As for the supporting articles, feel free to print them out, as well, according to your preference.
2. We suggest that participants read the articles and think about the questions in advance.
3. Newcomers should prepare a two-to-three minute self-introduction in English to deliver when called upon by the host before the start of the discussion. The host may also ask you to give brief feedback about the meeting at the conclusion of the meeting.
4. We conduct the entire meeting in English. All participants should have at least moderate English-conversation skills and be able to articulate your ideas for each discussion question.
5. We welcome newcomers and other guests to attend the meetings and join the discussion freely for two times. After that, we hope you will consider becoming a YoYo English Club member. We charge a NT$1500 lifetime membership fee, or NT$1000 for students.
最後由 stephen185 於 週六 7月 06, 2024 7:55 am 編輯,總共編輯了 2 次。
Iris Wu
YOYO member
文章: 906
註冊時間: 週二 5月 20, 2014 4:33 pm

Re: 7/6 (Sat.) Spot Work-The New Trend in the Workplace (Host: Stephen)

文章 Iris Wu »

I googled the term "spot work," and it doesn't appear to be widely recognized in the U.S. It seems to be a trendy phenomenon in Japan. Given the traditionally permanent and loyal nature of Japanese work culture, the concept of spot work might seem revolutionary there, but its implementation has been common in the U.S. for quite some time. Examples range from temp workers standing in front of Home Depot every morning waiting to be picked up to the “odd jobs” posted on Reddit. I must admit, I had never thought these types of jobs existed or were needed until I saw the job posting.

Gig work and spot work are prevalent for their own reasons. On the supply side, flexibility and a new lifestyle attract workers to these types of jobs. On the demand side, employers benefit from reduced worker benefit obligations, making the use of a temporary workforce appealing. However, I believe the key to the effectiveness of spot work is the management of the projects.
stephen185
YOYO member
文章: 209
註冊時間: 週三 5月 30, 2007 8:23 pm

Re: 7/6 (Sat.) Spot Work-The New Trend in the Workplace (Host: Stephen)

文章 stephen185 »

Iris Wu 寫:
週六 7月 06, 2024 7:31 am
...
Given the traditionally permanent and loyal nature of Japanese work culture, the concept of spot work might seem revolutionary there, but its implementation has been common in the U.S. for quite some time. Examples range from temp workers standing in front of Home Depot every morning waiting to be picked up to the “odd jobs” posted on Reddit. I must admit, I had never thought these types of jobs existed or were needed until I saw the job posting
....
Indeed, the concept of spot work is revolutionary in Japan. The revolution brought about by 'spot work' particularly reflects in its job variety, which covers much more than those usually for part-time jobs and 'odd jobs'. According to Timee, the biggest spot-work platform in Japan, even medical institues are also offering spot-work jobs and 29.7% of its users has full-time job (Dec., 2023). It seems people are eager to make money using their spare time. But this seems to conflict somewhat with the phenomenon where young people prefer freelance work and do not want full-time jobs, pursuing a work-life balance. Perhaps those 29.7% are all people older than the age of 35 or 40. (or the parents of those young people...)

*In JCHO Osaka Hospital, spot-work nurses are introduced to to share some of the workload of full-time nurses to lighten their burden. (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j1Y8UG0E-W8 , starting from 3:30)
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