7/13 (Sat.) D-Factor / Civic and Moral Examples (Host: Andy)

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Andy
Vice President
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註冊時間: 週五 12月 17, 2004 4:36 pm
來自: Taipei

7/13 (Sat.) D-Factor / Civic and Moral Examples (Host: Andy)

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This time we will explore the dark factor of personality (D-factor), specifying what all dark traits have in common, i.e., their common core. Besides, we will also discuss some real-life civic and moral examples. :twisted:

Session I: Dark Core of Personality
https://www.scientificamerican.com/blog ... rsonality/

D-Factor
The D-factor is defined as the basic tendency to maximize one's own utility at the expense of others, accompanied by beliefs that serve as justifications for one's malevolent behaviors.
以犧牲他人為代價來最大化自己效用的基本傾向,同時伴隨為其惡意行為辯護的信念

Nine traits that comprised the D-factor
-Egoism
利己主義:個體完全只顧自己的快樂或利益,為了自己可以不惜傷害別人
-Greed(additional)
貪婪:個體對自己擁有的東西感到不滿足,想要得到更多的慾望,譬如說想要得到更多的資源、金錢等其他無法滿足的慾望
-Machiavellianism
馬基雅維利主義:以憤世嫉俗的世界觀,策略性的利用、操縱、欺騙他人為特點
-Moral Disengagement
道德推脫:允許個體在做壞事時不感到任何愧疚的一系列認知過程,比如非人性化、責任轉移和責備歸因
-Narcissism
自戀:自戀者的動機源泉是自我強化,此動機引導他們通過自我提高來贏得讚許、自我辯護來避免失敗
-Psychological Entitlement
心理權力:覺得自己比別人都好,所以配得上更好的待遇
-Psychopathy
精神變態:以情感缺陷 - 即冷漠、缺乏後悔感或者缺乏同情心,和自我控制能力缺陷 - 即衝動為特點
-Sadism
施虐傾向:個體用殘忍、卑鄙或者暴力的行為來滿足自己的快樂以及權威感
-Self-Centeredness
自我為中心:個體對他人的遭遇和訴求漠不關心
-Spitefulness
惡毒傾向:個體以傷害別人為樂,哪怕在此過程中傷害到自己也在所不惜

TEST (Optional):
If you are interested in knowing your D-Score and dark traits, you may take the test.
https://www.darkfactor.org/
1.Click the “Determine your D-score” button.
2.Select your language, e.g., Traditional Chinese or English, and click the “Next” button.
3.Select the version you would like to take 16 or 70 statements. This will take between 3-12 minutes depending on the version you choose.

Rough estimate of D-score (16 statements):
圖檔

Good estimate of D-score and 9+1 specific dark traits (70 statements):
圖檔

[Questions]
1. What is the difference between utility maximization in the D-factor definition and general utility maximization? How do you reconcile the pursuit of utility maximization with maintaining ethical, moral, and social standard of perception?
2. Researchers found that those scoring high on the D-factor were more likely to keep money for themselves when given the opportunity, and were more likely to display unethical behavior (cheating to maximize one's gain). Can you think of any examples where someone has displayed high D-factor behaviors? How did it affect others?
3. Have you ever secretly wanted to punish someone who hurt you, even if it meant a little inconvenience for yourself? What was the craziest thing you imagined doing?
4. Do you think there is a genetic link to having nine dark personality traits? Are dark personality traits related to their age, upbringing, or anything else?
5. What societal implications could arise if a significant portion of the population scores high on the D-factor?
6. (Optional) If you were to take the D-factor test, which traits do you think would be most surprising to discover about yourself?


Session II: Civic and Moral Examples
Among the following common real-life examples, please choose the ones that interest you the most. You can have an open-ended discussion or use the following questions.

1. How do you feel about this behavior?
2. If you were in this situation, would you do this? Why or why not?
3. Is there any situation where this behavior could be justified? If so, what situation?
4. Why might some people choose to do this even though they know it’s not good? Do you think this behavior is related to the dark personality? If so, which dark personality trait is it related to?

Real-life examples: (continued to increase)
1. Using flower pots to reserve parking spaces 用花盆佔車位
2. Ordering large quantities of products online knowing a pricing error exists 明知網站產品價值標示過低而刻意大量訂購
3. Abusing free emergency services 濫用免費緊急服務
4. Not returning extra change given by mistake at a store 在商店中錯給多餘的找零而不歸還
5. Not cleaning up after one's pet in public areas 在公共場所不清理寵物排泄物
6. Wasting food at a buffet 在餐廳自助餐中浪費食物
7. Cutting in line, especially in crowded places 排隊插隊,尤其在人多的地方
8. Dumping trash in clothing donation bins 在出清衣物捐贈箱裡扔垃圾
9. Taking up multiple seats on public transportation 在公共交通工具上占多個位子
10. Peeing in a public swimming pool 在公用泳池內尿尿
11. Littering in public place 在公共場所亂丟整袋垃圾
12.Parking in spaces designated for the disabled without proper authorization 佔用身心殘障者停車位
13. Taking toilet paper from public restrooms 在洗手間里偷拿備用的整捲衛生紙
14. Using someone else's membership card to get discounts 用他人的會員卡以享受折扣
15. Not flushing in public restrooms 在公共廁所不沖水
16.Not giving up seats for those in need on public transportation 在公車上不讓座給需要的人
17. Using mobile phones loudly in quiet areas, like libraries or cinemas 在安靜場所大聲使用手機
18. Failing to yield to pedestrians at crosswalks 在人行道不讓行人先行
19. Not using turn signals when driving 開車時不打方向燈
20. Throwing cigarette butts on the ground 隨地丟菸蒂
21. Spitting on the street 在街上隨地吐痰
22. Playing loud music in residential areas late at night 在深夜於住宅區內播放大聲音樂
23. Not returning trays and separating waste after eating at McDonald’s 在用餐後不回收餐盤及分類
24. Sticking chewing gum in public places 把口香糖黏在公共場所
25. Faking illness to get sick leave 謊稱自己生病以獲得病假


Agenda:
3:45 ~ 4:00pm Greetings & Free Talk / Ordering Beverage or Meal / Getting Newcomer’s Information
4:00 ~ 4:10pm Opening Remarks / Newcomer’s Self-introduction / Grouping
(Session I)
4:10 ~ 4:50pm Discussion Session (40 mins)
4:50 ~ 5:10pm Summarization (20 mins)
5:10 ~ 5:15pm Regrouping / Instruction Giving / Taking a 10 Minutes Break (Intermission)
(Session II)
5:15 ~ 5:55pm Discussion Session (40 mins)
6:00 ~ 6:20pm Summarization (20 mins)
6:20 ~ 6:30pm Concluding Remarks / Announcements


Meeting Date: As shown on the Subject Line
Meeting Time: 4:00pm – 6:30pm
Meeting Venue: 丹堤咖啡 Dante Coffee (Minimum Order $85)
Address: 台北市濟南路三段25號[MAP]-捷運忠孝新生站3號出口步行3分鐘

Important Notes:
1. We advise participants to print out the discussion questions and bring them to the meeting for reference. As for the supporting articles, feel free to print them out, as well, according to your preference.
2. We suggest that participants read the articles and think about the questions in advance.
3. Newcomers should prepare a two-to-three minute self-introduction in English to deliver when called upon by the host before the start of the discussion. The host may also ask you to give brief feedback about the meeting at the conclusion of the meeting.
4. We conduct the entire meeting in English. All participants should have at least moderate English-conversation skills and be able to articulate your ideas for each discussion question.
5. We welcome newcomers and other guests to attend the meetings and join the discussion freely for two times. After that, we hope you will consider becoming a YoYo English Club member. We charge a NT$1500 lifetime membership fee, or NT$1000 for students.
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Andy
Vice President
文章: 125
註冊時間: 週五 12月 17, 2004 4:36 pm
來自: Taipei

Re: 7/13 (Sat.) D-Factor / Civic and Moral Examples (Host: Andy)

文章 Andy »

What are the pros and cons of having a very low D-score?
All lay load on the willing horse. Is it the result?

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